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Назва: Empirical evaluation of preferences by ecological factors of individual welfare of Ukrainians.
Автори: Kozyuk, Viktor
Dluhopolskyi, Oleksandr
Ivashuk, Yuryi
Panukhnyk, Olena
Virkovska, Anastasia
Ключові слова: The aim of the study is to identify the perception of environmental factors of individual welfare by different age groups of the population in Ukraine and to demonstrate the radically opposite trend in the demand for a high quality environment of Ukrainian citizens in comparison with European tendencies, thus confirming the hypothesis about the inverse relationship between the level of income and the demand for the benefit of “clean environment” without regard to the initial preferences for this good (in essence, the unwillingness to pay).
Keywords: greening, public good, quality, ecological crisis, evaluation.
Дата публікації: 2019
Видавництво: Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology (Journ. Geol. Geograph. Geoecology), 2019, 28(1), 39-50.
Бібліографічний опис: Dluhopolskyi O.V., Kozyuk V.V., Ivashuk Y.P., Panukhnyk O.V., Virkovska A.A. (2019). Empirical evaluation of preferences by ecological factors of individual welfare of Ukrainians // Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology (Journ. Geol. Geograph. Geoecology), 28(1), 39-50.
Короткий огляд (реферат): Based on polling of citizens of different age groups living in Kyiv, Ternopil, Donetsk, Sumy, Zaporizhia, Poltava and Volyn regions of Ukraine, we tested the hypothesis thatthere is alow demand for the public good « a clean environment». We found that 60% of citizens are not satisfied with the level of awareness about the ecological situation in their places of residence, and that the Internet is the main source of information for respondents under 45 years old, while for the older generation its place is taken by TV. In general, young pe ople are ready to engage in solving environmental problems and are well informed about the existence of international environmental organizations and movements. Up to 90% of the population is concerned about the threat of the global environmental crisis, and as the main threats they named transport and industry. Approximately 80% of citizens recognize ecolo gy as a public good, but more than 90% are skeptical of the authorities’ actions regarding the resolution of environmental problems, and more than 40% of c itizens believe that the environmental situation in their places of residence has deteriorated in recent years. Up to 80% of the respondents consider it appropriate to invest in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, but only 9% of respondents are ready to make a significant personal contribution to this. The vast majority of the population is ready to make contributions of not more than 1% of income to ensure a high quality environment, and only 35% of respondents are trying to buy environmentally friendly products. In genera l, the study confirms the hypothesis that there is a low level of demandamong Ukrainian citizens for environmentally friendly products and a clean environment. We can explain this situation by the existence of numerous unsolved socio -economic problems of the domestic economy.
Опис: The conducted questionnaire for identifying preferences of domestic respondents regarding the environmental factors of individual well-being makes it possible to draw some important conclusions. Firstly, consumers in the context ofcronycapitalism, corruption and poverty in the economic system are not only unable to invest in environmental funds, but also to exert political pressure on regulators in order to increase liability for violations of environmental protection legislation and to give it more rigour. Secondly, for the Ukrainian economy, the hypothesis about the conditionality of the attitude towards environmental goods onpeople’s level of income is confirmed. This raises the problem of the gap between the declared European aspirations for which there is an inherent preference for ecology and the willingness to identify a tax-supported demand for environmental goods. In other words, the gap in income levels raises the problem for functional convergence, based on the fact of the commonality of preferences.Thirdly, the claimed preferences and the taxsupported demand for environmental goods in Ukraine are diverging. Actual taxpayers are less willing to pay for it, compared with social groups that do not bear the main tax burden. Fourthly, the greater commitment of the younger generation to environmental goods clearly indicates the importance of value factors in the formation of preferences for the public good of a “clean environment”. For Ukraine, enhancing inclusiveness towards environmental development must inevitably be accompanied by an increase in the value of environmental goods, but the gap in attitudes towards it among tax-payers raises the question of general trust in the efficiency of the functioning of the public sector. Increasing the motivation to actual participation in the payment for environmental goodswill be possible if there is not only an increase in the share of environmental costs, but also an overall increasein the efficiency of governance.
URI (Уніфікований ідентифікатор ресурсу): http://dspace.tneu.edu.ua/handle/316497/37671
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