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|Назва:||Environmental Welfare: Quality of Policy vs Society’s Values (Środowiskowy dobrostan: jakość polityki a wartości społeczne).|
|Ключові слова:||The article proposes hypothesis that, along with effectiveness indicators of the state policy (quality of governance, democracy index), the demand for the public good for the environmental quality is determined by the ability to invest in the environment (GDP per person) and the dominance of the self-realization values over the survival values.|
Key words: environment, welfare, ecological policy, values, institutes.
|Видавництво:||Problemy Ekorozwoju – Problems of Sustainable Development. – 2019, Vol. 14, no 1, 19-28.|
|Бібліографічний опис:||Victor Koziuk, Oleksandr Dluhopolskyi, Yuryi Ivashuk, Yuryi Klapkiv. Environmental Welfare: Quality of Policy vs Society’s Values (Środowiskowy dobrostan: jakość polityki a wartości społeczne) // Problemy Ekorozwoju – Problems of Sustainable Development. – 2019, Vol. 14, no 1, 19-28.|
|Короткий огляд (реферат):||In the 21st century, in addition to the generally well-known indicators of material well-being, in the modern para¬digm of the welfare state, the quality of the ecological environment is gaining an ever-increasing role. In the context of interdisciplinary research, the formation of the ecological consciousness as a way of being is important for today, in which citizens feel a direct connection with the natural environment, trying to preserve it for prosperity people. Studies of the connection between economic and environmental development are often confined to finan¬cial-economic interactions, leaving out the attention of the educational and scientific components of the problem. The article is devoted to the study of the ecological component of the social welfare, as well as the analysis of the impact of quantitative and qualitative indicators (governance quality, development of democracy, GDP per capita, value orientations) on the Environmental Performance Index as a comprehensive indicator of environmental wel¬fare assessment. The hypothesis is that along with effectiveness indicators of the state policy (quality of govern¬ance, democracy index), the demand for the public good for the environmental quality is determined by the ability to invest in the environment (GDP per person) and the dominance of the self-realization values over the survival values. Using economic and mathematical modeling it is proved that the indicators of governance quality and the level of development of democracy play a key role in shaping the ecological component of well-being, while the level of GDP per person and values is influenced with less intensity. It is substantiated that public policy should be aimed directly at improving governance efficiency and the development of democracy and civil society.|
|Опис:||To sum it up, we note that the research results allow to assess in different ways the influence of the com-plex of indicators on the environmental performance index. It is empirically confirmed that the quality of governance does not only affect the EPI value, but is more closely related to it (b = 6,190) than the level of democracy (b = 1,745). The results of the analysis confirmed the hypothesis about the direct influence of the institutional quality and state policy on the en-vironmental conditions in the country. Regarding the level of well-being and values, they are more likely to have a complex impact on the environmental per-formance index, reflecting a rather insignificant value of the EPI compared to the previous figures. From this it can be concluded that investments in the quality of management, transparency, accountability and development of democratic institutions have a more significant impact on the state of the environ-mental situation than income growth and the change of values, the change of which can be affected in the long run, and therefore public policy should be aimed at increasing the governance efficiency and the progress of democracy. Taken together, empirical evidence suggests that en-vironmental friendliness in countries is determined primarily by the government effectiveness, rather than by the formal attribute of the welfare state as the scale of GDP redistribution through the budget. This situation can be characterized as the absence of a fa¬tal character in the direct relationship between the level of income and the quality of environmental goods. In a wider sense, this confirms our hypothesis that environmental goods can be offered not so much by the quantitative parameters of such a state, but ra-ther by qualitative as an attribute of the modern un-derstanding of welfare state. Detected dependencies confirm that environmental friendliness as a mani-festation of a modern, inclusive state-driven state is not the property of extremely wealthy countries. In other words, the more the society will generate pres-sure on the quality of institutions, the more likely it will be to improve governance, which will improve the environmental situation, and to a greater extent it will be coherently with a modern understanding of what social and individual well-being are. In general, two important conclusions are drawn from the research: firstly, the level of country envi-ronmental performance index can be regarded as an important complementary criterion for the welfare state; secondly, the country environmental state is much more determined by the government effi-ciency, the quality of state institutions and their ac-tivities, rather than by an extensive increase in the funding of such institutions and environmental measures. The research was conducted within the Project 0117U000412 Ecologization in a new paradigm of welfare state 2017-2019.|
|URI (Уніфікований ідентифікатор ресурсу):||http://dspace.tneu.edu.ua/handle/316497/37675|
|Розташовується у зібраннях:||Статті|
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